Commonly Tested Lewis Structures

We draw Lewis Structures to predict:

-the shape of a molecule.

-the reactivity of a molecule and how it might interact with other molecules.

-the physical properties of a molecule such as boiling point, surface tension, etc.

Drawing the Lewis Structure for C2H2 (Ethyne or Acetylene)

For C2H2 you have a total of 10 valence electrons to work with.

In drawing the Lewis structure for C2H2 (also called ethyne) you'll find that you don't have enough valence electrons available to satisfy the octet for each element (if you use only single bonds). The solution is to share three pairs of valence electrons and form a triple bond between the Carbon atoms in C2H2 .

Video: Drawing the Lewis Structure for C2H2



It is helpful if you:

  • Try to draw the C2H2 Lewis structure before watching the video.
  • Watch the video and see if you missed any steps or information.
  • Try structures similar to C2H2 (like N2) for more practice.

List of Lewis Structures

Acetone BF3 BH4- BrF5 BrO3- C2H2 C2H4 ClO-
CH4 ClO2- ClO2 ClO4- CO CS2 H2O H3O+
HCl HNO3 I3- ICl4- IF5 N2 N3- NH2OH
NH3 NO2- NO2 NO3- O2 OF2 PCl5 PH3
PO33- PO43- SCl2 SF4 SF6 SO3 SO42- XeF2
XeF4