Internet Resources for Science and Mathematics Education, collected by Tom O'Haver.
[New and Notable]
[Integrated Science and Mathematics]
[Physics and Astronomy]
[Biology, Biochemistry, and Natural History]
[Earth Science and Paleontology]
[Computers and Technology]
[Pages by and for K-12 schools]
[History of Science]
[Subject Catalogs and indices]
[Family and personal interest]
[State of Maryland and the Local Area]
Earth Science and Paleontology
Last updated and all links checked February 19, 2001
Hint: Looking for something specific? Use the Find command in the Edit menu
(or press Ctrl-F) to search for keywords.
- A Tapestry of Time and Terrain: The Union of Two Maps - Geology and Topography
The most detailed and accurate portrait of the U.S. land surface and the ages of its underlying rock formations yet displayed in the same image. The new map resembles traditional 3-D perspective drawings of landscapes with the addition of a fourth dimension, geologic time, which is shown in color.
Scientific background information about rocks and fossils. The site contains lessons in which students solve mysteries about rocks, fossils. For grades 1 to 8
- Dino Russ's lair
Dinosaur and vertebrate paleontology information. Dinosaur Art, Digs, Eggs, Exhibits, Information, Sites to Visit, Publications, Software, Tracks.
Water on the Web
Hands-on science activities, in the lab and in the field, working with state-of-the-art technologies accessible through a free web site. Real water quality data, provided in real-time and archived formats. High school and first year college.
From the Office of Naval Research. Waves, Surf, Tides, Currents, Habitats,Beaches,
Animal & Plant Life, Coral Reefs, Kelp Forests, Animal Life, Sea Grass Beds, Estuary Life,
Salt Marshes, Ocean Life, Marine Mammals, Ocean Water, Ocean Regions.
Experiments: Why Don't Big Ships Sink?;
How Does a Submarine Dive?;
Saltwater vs. Freshwater, which is Heavier?;
Is Saltwater Denser than Freshwater?
- Virtual River
Two interactive exercises designed to help you learn about river processes like discharge, flooding, flood frequency, erosion, and deposition. Each activity requires you to make careful observations and measurements, do simple calculations, and answer questions about your work.
- Virtual Earthquake
Virtual Earthquake is an interactive Web-based program designed to introduce you to the concepts of how an earthquake EPICENTER is located and how the RICHTER MAGNITUDE of an earthquake is determined.
- Virtual Dating
Interactive exercise about
Geologic Time. Here you'll learn how geologists and archeologists determine the ages of rocks and ancient
artifacts. Virtual Dating Isochron: for rocks and minerals.
Virtual Dating Radiocarbon: (Carbon-14).
Virtual Dating Demo: If you just want to do a
quick run-through of the activity, try the "Demo"
version-- answer checking and other feedbacks
are not implemented.
- Geologic animations and paper models
Macintosh Hypercard documents on Antarctic Ice Sheet, Sand Dunes, Karst Topography, Chicxulub, Crinoids,
Ocean Trenches, Arctic Delta Processes, Sea-Floor Spreading, Make Your Own Paper Fossils,
Make Your Own Earth and Tectonic Globes, Landslide Effects, Earthquake Effects,
Map Projections, Volcano, Island Coral Reefs, How to construct seven paper models
that describe faulting of the Earth, Fault motion Loma Prieta, California earthquake
of October 17, 1989, Effects of ice on a mountain valley. From the U. S. Geological Survey.
- New Horizons in Digital Maps, Cartography and GIS
Internet mapping resources, mapmaking software, digital data sets, and many interesting tidbits of information
about the making and uses of maps in today's world.
- Earth and Moon Viewer
You can view either a map of the Earth showing the day and night regions at this moment, or view the Earth from the Sun, the Moon, the
night side of the Earth, above any location on the planet specified by latitude, longitude and altitude, from a satellite in Earth orbit, or
above various cities around the globe. Images can be generated based on a full-colour image of the Earth by day and night, a topographical map of the Earth, up-to-date
weather satellite imagery, or a composite image of cloud cover superimposed on a map of the Earth, or a colour composite which shows
clouds, land and sea temperatures, and ice.
- Geology links from About.com
Geology links divided into many sub-categories.
- Global Solar Partners
Solar Exchange Unit for students aged 12 - 16+
- The Earth
The Interior of the Earth,
Evidence for Plate Tectonics,
Consequences of Plate Tectonics,
The Earth's Atmosphere,
Weather and Climate,
Consequences of Rotation for Weather,
The Earth's Magnetic Field,
Auroras: The Northern and Southern Lights,
Imaging the Earth. Click on the "Next" icon at the bottom of the page to get to the
- SciQuest Netlink
Earthquakes, tornadoes, and hurricanes, interactive maps and many illustrations.
- The Dinosaur Interplanetary Gazette
"The Ultimate Online Dinosaur Magazine". Very slick collection of articles and specials.
- Is the reliable prediction of individual
earthquakes a realistic scientific goal?
The recent earthquake in Colombia has once again illustrated
to the general public the inability of science to predict such natural
catastrophes. Despite the significant global effort that has gone into
the investigation of the nucleation process of earthquakes, such events
still seem to strike suddenly and without obvious warning. Not all
natural catastrophes are so apparently unpredictable, however.
A sort of online paleontology magazine, with illustrated articles on various topics and a gallery of
sculpture and images.
- The Paleo Ring
The Paleo Ring is a Newly Developing collection of Websites and Pages that are
devoted primarily to the promotion of Paleontology, Paleoanthropology, Prehistoric
Archaeology, The Evolution of Behavior, and Evolutionary Biology in general.
- Dinosauria On-Line
Pictures and dinosaur
information, for the serious enthusiast and rank amateur alike. Discussions are both technical and at a level at
which those without formal education in paleontology can understand and enjoy.
- Project SkyMath: Making
Using the Science and Language of Patterns to
Explore the Weather
This Web Page is designed for middle school mathematics teachers. It contains all of the information needed
for teachers to use the 15 classroom activities of SkyMath, including the module itself. We believe that it is an
effective and innovative way to present elements of the middle school mathematics curriculum.
- Seismology Software by Alan L. Jones
Two downloadable windows programs for Seismology: Seismic/Eruption: A program for the visualization of seismicity and
volcanic activity in space and time; Seismic Waves: A program for the visualization of wave propagation.
- The JASON Project home page
A series of real-time expeditions, using advanced
"you-are-there" telecommunications technologies called
telepresence transport millions of students to the expedition
research sites live via satellite. An award-winning
multi-disciplinary curriculum is distributed to all JASON
Project-participating teachers early in the school year to ensure
students are well-versed in the scientific principles they'll encounter
during the live broadcasts.
- Ocean Link-MarineScience
Ocean Link is a marine science information and interaction web site. It is also
a partnership between several marine organizations, all committed to marine
On these pages, you will find information about many marine science topics,
including Marine Biology, Oceanography, Marine Mammals, Seabirds, Marine
Pollution, Marine Invertebrates, Marine fish and much more!
- Environmental Protection Agency's document collection
Search, view, and print any of 6000 EPA documents.
- Introducing the Aurora -
Earth's Great Light Show
Beautiful pictures taken from the space shuttle. Investigate the aurora borealis and aurora australis through
the frequently asked questions posed here.
- The Ozone Secretariat
The Ozone Secretariat of the United Nation
s WWW site. This site is a clearinghouse of information related to the Ozone an
d the challenges faced in its preservation.
- Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
The primary global-change data and
information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). More than just an archive of data
sets and publications, CDIAC has - since its inception in 1982 - enhanced the value of its holdings
through intensive quality assurance, documentation, and integration. As opposed to many traditional data
centers that are discipline-based (for example, meteorology or oceanography), CDIAC's scope includes
potentially anything and everything that would be of value to users concerned with the greenhouse effect
and global climate change, including concentrations of carbon dioxide and other radiatively active gases
in the atmosphere; the role of the terrestrial biosphere and the oceans in the biogeochemical cycles of
greenhouse gases; emissions of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere; long-term climate trends; the effects of
elevated carbon dioxide on vegetation; and the vulnerability of coastal areas to rising sea level.
- Energy Quest
Energy science projects, puzzles and games for various age levels.
From the Energy Education from the California Energy
- New Jesery Networking Infrastructure in Education Classroom Resources
Curriculum and Lesson plans which allow students
to use realtime data gathered from the Internet to participate in exciting and real scientific analysis and discovery on
a variety of topics ranging from the aurora borealis to earthquakes.
- Internet-Based Curriculum Development Projects K-8 Science and Mathematics
Geology, air and water quality, solar energy, meteorology,
oceanography projects developed by Stevens Institute projects.
- Center for Air Pollution Impact and Trend Analysis
Center for Air Pollution Impact and Trend Analysis does air quality-related research, disseminates data,
reports and software and hosts the WWW domains for several organizations.
- The Perry-Castaņeda Library Map
Maps of the world in electronic formats.
- Geography From Space
Test your geographic knowledge using satellite imagery,
as well as Space Shuttle and aerial photographs! Just read
the clues and look at the images to try and determine the
geographic feature visible.
- Landsat Images Locator
Java application for locating Landsat Images of the continental USA. Slow to load initially.
- Learning from Satellites: Space Available
Comparing Oceans; Human Impact; Antartica; Weather;
How Satellites Work; Remote Sensing; Imaging the Earth
- The Observatorium
NASA's Observatorium is a public access site for earth and space data. We have pictures of the Earth,
planets, stars, and other cool stuff, as well as the stories behind those images.
- Resources for Earth Science and Geography Instruction
Well organized set of links organized around the sequence of topics typically taught in an introductory earth science
or physical geography class. Links are also available for earth science/geography education, environmental
science, remote sensing and GIS, career opportunities, and oceanography. The sites are selected are based
on image quality, ease with which lesson plans can be developed, organization, authenticity, scope, and
format. (By Mark Francek at Central Michigan University)
- Volcano World
Modern and near real time volcano information, draws extensively
on remote sensing images (AVHRR, Landsat TM, Magellan, Gloria),
and other data collections. Ask a Volcanologist; How to become
a Volcanologist; Current and Recent Eruptions; Images of Volcanoes
Hawaiian Tour Guide; Mount St. Helens; Volcano Lessons; Volcano
- Earthquake of the day
Daily reports, seismogram charts, maps. Questions and Answers.
Clickable map available of previous records.
- Track and measure volcanic eruption plumes from space (Was:World-Wide Volcanism)
This Web Page describes the methodology and research performed by the TOMS SO2 and Ash Group, based at the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center to detect, track and measure volcanic eruption plumes from space. Our group uses satellite data from Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) instruments to map and quantify sulfur dioxide gas (SO2) emitted by volcanoes.
- The Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology (CREST)
CREFST is dedicated to the promotion of renewable energy, energy efficiency, the
environment, and sustainable development. One of CREST's primary functions is to explore and
demonstrate the use of advanced information and communication technologies in these fields.
Information on CD-ROM products, downloadable slide shows, etc.
- Mr. Solar's Home Page
Description and pictures of solar-powered alternative energy homestead. Over 100 articles on alternative energy
- Ocean Planet
An on-line exhibit by the Smithsonian Institution. It is the
culmination of a four-year effort to study and understand environmental
issues affecting the health of the world's oceans, Ocean Planet employs
cutting-edge technology, compelling objects and photos, enticing text
and walk-through environments to promote celebration, understanding and
conservation of the world's oceans.
- WEATHER HERE AND THERE
WEATHER HERE AND THERE is an integrated weather unit which
incorporates interaction with the Internet and hands-on collaborative, problem
solving activites for students in grades four through six. This unit is divided into
six lessons. The lessons integrate math, science, geography, and language arts in
the process of teaching and learning about weather phenomena. Students will
become involved in collaborative problem solving using e-mail as well as through
joining projects offered via the Internet.
- The Weather Unit
This is an interdisclinary
thematic teaching unit, available completely on the Web! Connections to
math, science, reading, social studies, art, music, drama, physical education,
field trips, etc. Features the Educational Rain Game. For all ages.
- Rain or Shine: Current Weather
24-Hour Forecast, Satellite, Nexrad Radar, Search by State or Country.
Click on a map for a full size version
- NOAA Data Set Catalog
A forms-based tool for searching for publicly available environmental
data throughout the world. The catalog includes over 25,000 records
related to climatology, meteorology, ecology, geology, oceanography,
remote sensing satellites, and many other areas.
- Electronic Universe: University of Oregon Educational Outreach Server
Earth science, space science, environment, weather, Pine Mountain Observatory, Javalab.
- TIGER Mapping Service (U. S. Census Bureau)
The goal of this service is to provide a public resource for generating high-quality, detailed maps of anywhere in the United States, using public geographic data.
- Modern Average Global Sea-Surface Temperature
The purpose of this data set is to provide paleoclimate researchers with a tool for estimating the average
seasonal variation in sea-surface temperature (SST) throughout the modern world ocean and for
estimating the modern monthly and weekly sea-surface temperature at any given oceanic location. It is
expected that these data will be compared with temperature estimates derived from geological proxy
measures such as faunal census analyses and stable isotopic analyses. The results can then be used to
constrain general circulation models of climate change.
- Malin's Antarctic Research
The Antarctic environment is particularly harsh, but recent studies suggest that the absence of significant
amounts of liquid water allow landscapes to be preserved for significantly longer than found elsewhere on
Earth, and indeed longer than previously thought. The present study is designed to establish, over a
relatively long timescale for human activity (~50 years), the effects of chemical and physical weathering
on naturally occuring materials in many different microenvironments in the Antarctic ice-free valleys.
- U.S. Geological Survey
Library Referal Services,
- National Earthquake Information Center,
World Data Center for Seismology
List of Recent Earthquakes; Current Earthquake Information, Near Real Time Earthquake List, General Earthquake Information, Earthquake Links, Earthquake Search , Report an Earthquake , Routine U.S. Mining Seismicity
- NSF Geosciences Integrated Earth Information Server
This server is a prototype Integrated Earth Information Server (IEIS, as in eyes on the globe). It is built
on the infrastructure provided by the nation-wide Unidata Internet Data Distribution (IDD) network, in
which participating universities are establishing information servers containing a range of earth-related
data. Perhaps the best recent example of an IEIS product is the "Global Montage" (seen in miniature above)
which the SSEC at the University of Wisconsin creates every six hours in graphic form and as an
animation of the last week's images (2 MB) .
- Paleontology Without Walls: Virtual Exhibits of the University of California Museum of Paleontology
Many people think paleontology is the study of fossils. In fact, paleontology is
much more. Paleontology incorporates many different kinds of data from
different fields. We provide three different areas to start your exploration of
Phylogeny -- the "family tree" of life.
Geological Time -- the temporal existence of groups of organisms.
Evolutionary Thought -- evolutionary topics and scientists in their
- Center for Earth and Planetary Studies (CEPS)
Regional Planetary Image Facility,
Space Shuttle Photographs,
Apollo Manned Space Program,
Geography From Space,
Science Information Infrastructure.
- Environmental Education on the Internet
Consistent with the key principles of environmental education, our mission is to spread information and
ideas that will help educators explore the environment and investigate current issues with students. We
are building this resource for students, teachers and professionals that support K-12 environmental
education, such as media specialists, inservice providers, nature center staff and curriculum developers.
Classroom Resources, Contacts,Reference,
Regional Information, Education and Environment Directory
- Macintosh Geological Software
Reviews of dozens of programs for geological work.