Gunpowder, Navigation, and Printing


Some primary sources:

1. Francis Bacon, "Mr Bacon in praise of learning," in Benjamin Farrington, Francis Bacon.
Philosopher  of  Industrial  Science (London, 1951), pp. 34-5, and the
extract from New Atlantis, ibid., pp. 179-91
2. Vanoccio Biringuccio, Pirotechnia, trans. Cyril Stanley Smith and Martha Teach Gnudi
(1942; New York, 1959), pp. 222-7, 234-43, 409-25
3. William Bourne,  The Arte of Shooting in Great Ordnaunce (1587; English Experience,
1969), Preface and pp. 21-41
4. Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg, Civitates orbis terrarum (1572-1617), town views of
Antwerp, Bologna, Hamburg, Padua, Rome, Vienna, reproduced in John
Goss, Braun and Hogenberg's The City Maps of Europe (London, 1991)
5. Thomas Digges, Stratioticos (1579; English Experience, 1968), preface and pp. 69-70,
6. Galileo Galilei, Two New Sciences, translated by Stillman Drake (Madison, Wisconsin,
1974), pp. 217-29, 245-6, and 249-56
7. Francesco Guicciardini, The History of Italy, translated and edited by Sidney Alexander
(Princeton, NJ, 1969), pp. 49-52
8. Paul Ive,  The Practise of Fortification (1589; English Experience, 1968; facsimile
with introduction by Martin Biddle, 1972)
9. Niccolò Tartaglia,    La  nova  scientia (1537) and Quesiti  et  inventioni  diverse (1546),
translated passages from Stillman Drake and I. E. Drabkin, Mechanics in
Sixteenth-Century  Italy.  Selections  from  Tartaglia,  Benedetti,  Guido
Ubaldo & Galileo (Madison, Wisconsin, 1969), pp. 63-9, 81-97, and
10. William Bourne,  An Almanacke and Prognostication for Three Yeares . . . Practised at
Grausend for the Meridian of London (1571), in E. G. R. Taylor (ed.), A
Regiment  for  the  Sea  and  Other  Writings  on  Navigation  by  William
Bourne (Cambridge: Hakluyt Society, 1963), pp. 56-95
11. Martin Cortes,  The Art of Navigation, trans. by R. Eden (1561), ff. liiii-lxxix
12. William Gilbert,  De magnete (1600); English translation by P. Fleury Mottelay in Dover
paperback edition (1958), pp. xxxvii-li, 121-5, 177-83, 229-42, 275-85, 313-35
13. Richard Hakluyt,The Principal Navigations (1589); Penguin edition entitled Voyages and
Discoveries (1972), pp. 60-6, 71-5, 105-16, 171-88, 197-206, 231-42, 275-97, 298-303, 386-410
14. Thomas Hood, A Copie of the Speache. Made by the Mathematicall Lecturer (1588), all
(13 pages)
15. William Johnson (Blaeu, Willem Janszoon), The Light of Navigation (1612), facsimile, in
R. A. Skelton (ed.), Theatrum orbis terrarum, 1st ser., vol. 6 (Amsterdam,
1964), two frontispieces, dedicatory letter, "Briefe and shorte Introduction
to the Celestiall Sphere", and figures
16. Robert Norman, The  New  Attractive  (1581),  "The  Epistle  Dedicatorie" and  "To the
Reader", pp. 1-26
17. Hans Sachs and Jost Amman, A True Description of all Trades published in Frankfort in
the year 1568 (New York, 1930), pp. 9-19
18. Thomas Platter,  Autobiographie, trans. by Marie Helmer (Paris, 1964), pp. 97-101,
116-117, 122-125
19. Jean-François Gilmont, "Printing by the Rules," The Library, vi, part 2 (1980), 129-55
20. Henri Estienne, The Frankfort Book Fair (1574) (Frankfurt/Main, 1968), pp. 71-104
21. Léon Voet, The Golden Compasses. A History and Evaluation of the Printing and
Publishing  Activities  of  the  Officina  Plantiniana  at  Antwerp (2 vols.,
Amsterdam and New York, 1969-72), vol II, Appendices 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7,
pp. 467-90, 500-25
22. W. W. Greg,  A  Companion  to  Arber,  being  a  Calendar  of Documents in Edward
Arber's  transcript  of  the  Registers  of  the  Company  of  Stationers  of
London 1554-1640 (Oxford, 1967), Supplementary Documents 1, 2, 5, 8,
11, 14, 31
23. Joseph Moxon,  Mechanick Exercises on the whole art of Printing (1683-84), ed. Herbert
Davis and Harry Carter (Oxford, 1962), pp. [3]-[80], [191-322]
24. Rodney W. Shirley, The Mapping of the World. Early Printed World Maps 1472-1700
(London: New Holland Press, 1993) Plates 29, 43, 60, 86, 91, 102, 104,
201, 272
25. Catherine Delano Smith and Elizabeth M. Ingram, Maps in Bibles 1500-1600 (Geneva:
Droz, 1991), Figures 1, 3, 5, 18, 29, 32
26. Mercator-Hondius-Janssonius,  Atlas or Geographick description of the World
(Amsterdam, 1636), in. R. A. Skelton, Theatrum orbis terrarum, 4th ser.,
vol. 2 (Amsterdam, 1968), title-page and dedication (unnumbered);
Preface to the Reader, Life of Mercator, life of Hondius, sig.**1r -***2r;
world-map, sig. L1v-L2r.

Some secondary sources
Fernand Braudel, Capitalism and Material Life, 1400-1800  (1967;  English translation,
London, 1973)
Jim Bennett,  The Divided Circle. A History of Instruments for Astronomy, Navigation,
and Surveying (Oxford, 1987)
Jim Bennett and Stephen Johnston, The Geometry of War 1500-1750 (Oxford, 1996)
David Buisseret (ed.), Monarchs, Ministers and Maps. The Emergence of Cartography as a Tool
of Government in Early Modern Europe (Chicago and London, 1992)
John Carter and Percy H. Muir (eds.), Printing and the Mind of Man. A Descriptive Catalogue
illustrating the Impact of Print on the Evolution of Western Civilization
during Five Centuries (London, 1967).
Carlo Cipolla,  Guns and Sails in the Early Phase of European Expansion, 1400-1700
(London, 1965)
Colin Clair,  A History of Printing in Britain (London, 1965)
Anthony Ian Doyle  et  al. (eds.),  Manuscript  to  Print.  Tradition  and  Innovation  in  the
Renaissance Book (Durham, 1975)
Christopher Duffy,  Siege Warfare.  The  Fortress  in  the  Early Modern World 1494-1660 (London, 1979)
Elizabeth L. Eisenstein,   The Printing Press as an Agent  of Change. Communications and
Cultural Transformation in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, 1979)
Lucien Febvre and Henri-Jean Martin,  The  Coming  of  the  Book.  The  Impact  of  Printing
1450-1800 (1958; English translation, London, 1976)
Bertrand Gille,  The Renaissance Engineers (1964; English translation, London, 1966)
John R. Hale,  Renaissance War Studies (London, 1983)
John R. Hale,  The Civilization of Europe in the Renaissance (London, 1993)
A. Rupert Hall,  Ballistics in the Seventeenth Century. A Study in the Relations of Science
and War with reference principally to England (Cambridge, 1952)
David N. Livingstone, The Geographical Tradition. Episodes in the History of a Contested
Enterprise (Oxford, 1992)
John A. Lynn,  Tools of War. Instruments, Ideas, and Institutions of Warfare, 1445-1871
(Urbana, Ill., 1990)
Arnold J. Pacey,  The  Maze  of  Ingenuity.  Ideas  and  Idealism  in the Development of
Technology (London, 1974)
John H. Parry,  The Discovery of the Sea (London, 1974)
Martha D. Pollak,  Military Architecture, Cartography and the Representation of the Early
Modern European City (Chicago, 1991)
Paolo Rossi,  Philosophy, Technology, and the Arts in the Early Modern Era (New
York, 1970)
Eva G. R. Taylor,   The Haven-Finding  Art.  A  History  of  Navigation from Odysseus to
Captain Cook (London, 1956)
Léon Voet,  The Golden Compasses. A History and Evaluation of the Printing and
Publishing  Activities  of  the  Officina  Plantiniana  at  Antwerp  (2  vols,
Amsterdam and New York, 1969-72)
Adrian H. W. Robinson, Marine Cartography in Britain. A History of the Sea Chart to 1855
(Leicester, 1962)
Rodney Shirley,  The  Mapping  of  the  World.  Early  Printed  World Maps 1472-1700
(London, 1983, reissued 1993)
Eva G. R. Taylor,  The mathematical practitioners of Tudor and Stuart England, 1485-1714
(Cambridge, 1968)
Sarah Tyacke (ed.),  English Map Making, 1500-1650. Historical Essays (London, 1983)
David Watkin Waters,  The Art of Navigation in England in Elizabethan and Early Stuart Times
(London, 1958)
David Woodward (ed.), Five Centuries of Map Printing (Chicago, 1975)
David Woodward,  Maps as Prints in the Italian  Renaissance. Makers, Distributors &
Consumers [The Pannizzi Lectures 1995] (London, 1996)

Exhibition catalogues:
Portugal Brazil. The Age of Atlantic Discoveries (Lisbon, etc., 1990)
Jay A. Levenson (ed.), Circa 1492. Art in the Age of Exploration (London and New Haven,
Conn., 1991)
M. J. Rodríguez-Salgado, Armada 1588-1988 (London, 1988)

This bibliography is based on a bibliography © University of Oxford, Modern History Faculty, 2001