I. NOTARIZATION. I have read the following and certify that this Curriculum Vitae is a current and accurate statement of my professional record.

Signature ______________________________ Date __________________

II. PERSONAL INFORMATION.

Name: Mark Alan Varner

Professional Address: Department of Animal Sciences

University of Maryland

College Park, Maryland 20742

(301) 405-1396

Educational Background:

1975: B.S. With Distinction, University of Minnesota, Animal Sciences

1977: M.S., Washington State University, Animal Sciences

Major Professor, Dr. J. J. Reeves

1981: Ph.D., North Carolina State University, Physiology

Major Professor, Dr. B. H. Johnson

III. ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES.

A. Percentage of official time devoted to:

1981-93 Extension 75%; Research 25%

1993-Present Extension 75%; Teaching 25%

B. Positions Held:

1. Experience in higher education.

1975-77 Half-time research/teaching assistant at Washington State University, Pullman, Department of Animal Sciences

1977-79 Half-time research assistant at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, Department of Animal Science

1979-80 Full-time research assistant at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, Department of Animal Science

1980-81 Half-time research assistant at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, Department of Animal Science

1981-88 Extension Specialist with academic rank of Assistant Professor at University of Maryland, Department of Animal Sciences.

1988-92 Extension Specialist with academic rank of Associate Professor at University of Maryland, Department of Animal Sciences.

1992-93 Visiting Professor, Department of Herd Health and Reproduction, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

1993-1997 Extension Specialist with academic rank of Associate Professor at University of Maryland, Department of Animal Sciences.

1997-Present Extension Specialist with academic rank of Professor at University of Maryland, Department of Animal & Avian Sciences.

2. Experience other than higher education.

- Reared on 100 cow dairy farm, central Minnesota; actively involved in all aspects of home dairy farm.

IV. RESEARCH, TEACHING, EXTENSION, SERVICE.

A. Publications:

1. Articles in refereed journals.

a. Published.

Varner, M.A., S.L. Davis, and J.J. Reeves. 1980. Temporal serum concentrations of growth hormone, thyrotropin, insulin and glucagon in sheep immunized against somatostatin. Endocrinology 106:1027-1032.

Varner, M.A., J.H. Britt, B.T. McDaniel, R.D. Mochrie, and B.H. Johnson. 1983. Influence of herd relocation upon certain production and endocrine parameters in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 66:466-474.

Varner, M.A. and B.H. Johnson. 1983. Influence of adrenocorticotropin upon milk production, milk constituents, and specific endocrine parameters in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 66:458-465.

Peters, R.R., K.A. DeMarco, J.E. Manspeaker, E.K. Cassel, R.L. King, and M.A. Varner. 1986. Response of dairy producers to video-tape program on milk quality and mastitis control. J. Dairy Sci. 69:1170-1185.

Levins, R.A. and M.A. Varner. 1987. An expert diagnostic aid for reproductive problems in dairy cattle. Comp. and Electr. in Ag. 2:47-56.

Varner, M.A. and R.A. Levins. 1987. Expert diagnostic software expands extension capabilities. J. of Ext. 25:11-12.

Varner, M.A., J.E. Manspeaker, E. Russek-Cohen, E.K. Cassel, J.L. Majeskie, and R.A. Erdman. 1989. Impact of intensive integrated reproductive management educational programs upon dairy producers in Maryland. J. Dairy Sci. 72:(1620-1626).

Cady, R.A. and M.A. Varner. 1993. Dairy-L: A successful example of a common interest electronic information exchange forum using a Bitnet listserver. Proceedings of Application of Advanced Information Technology: Effective Management of Natural Resources. Spokane, WA. June 18-19. Published by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, St. Joseph, MO. pp 89-97.

Varner, M.A. and R.A. Cady. 1993. Dairy-L: An electronic information exchange network for professionals advising dairy producers. J. Dairy Sci. 76:2325-2331.

Varner, M.A., J. Zdrojewski, W.M. Guterbock, J. Fetrow, J. Ehrlich and R.A. Cady. 1993. Informational Resources for Bovine Practice: New Electronic and Telecommunication Services. Compendium for Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian. 15:1655-1662.

Cassel, E.K., L.R. Vough, M.A. Varner, R.C. Eickelberger, J.E. Manspeaker, L.E. Stewart, L.W. Douglass and R.R. Peters. 1994. A demonstration project of interdisciplinary dairy extension advising funded by industry and users. III: Impact on management practices. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2461-2476.

Peters, R.R., E.K. Cassel, M.A. Varner, R.C. Eickelberger, L.R. Vough, J.E. Manspeaker, L.E. Stewart and J.W. Wysong. 1994. A demonstration project of interdisciplinary dairy extension advising funded by industry and users. II: Impact on herd performance. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2450-2460.

Peters, R.R., E.K. Cassel, M.A. Varner, R.C. Eickelberger, L.R. Vough, J.E. Manspeaker, L.E. Stewart and J.W. Wysong. 1994. A demonstration project of interdisciplinary dairy extension advising funded by industry and users. I: Implementation and evaluation. J. Dairy Sci. 77:2438-2449.

Hogeveen, H., M.A. Varner, D.E. Dill, D.S. Brée, E.N. Noordhuizen-Stassen and A. Brand. 1994. Knowledge representation methodologies for dairy decision support systems. J. Dairy Sci. 77:3704-3715.

Erdman, R. and M. Varner. 1995. Fixed production responses to increased milking frequency. J. Dairy Sci. 8:1199-1203.

Lefcourt, A.R., B. Erez, M.A. Varner Barfield, B. and U. Tasch. 1999 A noninvasive radiotelemetry system to monitor heart rate for assessing stress responses of bovines. J. Dairy Sci. 82:(Accepted).

2. Book Chapters

Varner, M.A. 1994. Computer applications in agriculture. Encyclopedia of Agricultural Science. Ed. C.J. Arutzen, Academic Press, San Diego, CA. p. 389-402.

Varner, M.A. and A. Brand. 1996. V. Monitoring Herd Fertility. 3. Decision making, problem analysis and follow up. Herd Health and Production Management in Dairy Practice. A. Brand, J.P.T.M. Noordhuizen-Stassen and Y.Y. Schukken. Wageningen Press, Wageningen, NL. pp 313-33

Varner, M.A. and A. Brand. 1996. V. Monitoring Herd Fertility. 4. Case study on an estrous detection problem. Herd Health and Production Management in Dairy Practice. A. Brand, J.P.T.M. Noordhuizen-Stassen and Y.Y. Schukken. Wageningen Press, Wageningen, NL. pp. 333-350.

Brand, A. and M.A. Varner. 1996. V. Monitoring Herd Fertility. 1. Objectives, Materials and Methods. Herd Health and Production Management in Dairy Practice. A. Brand, J.P.T.M. Noordhuizen-Stassen and Y.Y. Schukken. Wageningen Press, Wageningen, NL. pp. 283-292.

2.Brand, A. and M.A. Varner. 1996. V. Monitoring Herd Fertility. 2. Execution. Herd Health and Production Management in Dairy Practice. A. Brand, J.P.T.M. Noordhuizen-Stassen and Y.Y. Schukken. Wageningen Press, Wageningen, NL. pp. 293-311.

3. Book Reviews and Notes.

 

 

4. Extension Publications.

a. Refereed Extension Publications (Referee mechanism was identical to Journal of Dairy Science, with E.R. Jordan, West Virginia University, or J.L. Majeskie as editors).

Varner, M.A. 1985. Anestrous and estrus detection aids. Dairy Integrated Reproductive Management Manual, Fact Sheet Number 7.

Varner, M.A. 1985. Stress and reproduction. Dairy Integrated Reproductive Management Manual, Fact Sheet Number 15.

Varner, M.A., J.L. Majeskie, and S.C. Garlichs. 1985. Interpreting reproductive efficiency indexes. Dairy Integrated Reproductive Management Manual, Fact Sheet Number 5.

Gray, H.G. and M.A. Varner. 1985. Signs of estrus and improving detection of estrus in cattle. Dairy Integrated Reproductive Management Manual, Fact Sheet Number 6.

Garlichs, S.C. and M.A. Varner. 1987. Semen tank monitoring ampules. Dairy Integrated Reproductive Management Manual, Fact Sheet Number 27.

Varner, M.A. and J.L. Majeskie. 1988. Interpreting Reproductive Variables. National Dairy Herd Improvement Manual. Fact Sheet I-6.

b. Non-refereed Extension Publications

1. Bulletins

Peters, R.R., R.C. Eickelberger, E.K. Cassel, M.A. Varner, L.W. Douglass, L.R. Vough, L.E. Stewart, J.W. Wysong, and J.E. Manspeaker. 1992. Maryland Dairy Herd Demonstration Project: Executive Summary. Animal Sciences Information Series #1. 9 pages.

Cassel, E.K., R.R. Peters, M.A. Varner, R.C. Eickelberger, J.W. Wysong, L.R. Vough, L.E. Stewart, J.E. Manspeaker, and L.W. Douglass. 1994. Maryland Dairy Herd Demonstration Project. Main Report. Animal Sciences Information Series #2. 102 pages.

2. Fact Sheets.

Varner, M.A. and H.G. Gray. 1987. Signs of estrus and improving detection of estrus in beef cattle. Maryland Beef Cattle Handbook. Beef Fact Sheet R-2.

Kunkel, J.R. and M.A. Varner. 1987. Embryo Transfer in beef cattle. Maryland Beef Cattle Handbook. Beef Fact Sheet R-6.

3. Departmental Publications.

Animal Agriculture Update. Department of Animal & Avian Sciences newsletter for county agents, and editors popular press publication for producers. Edited by S. M. Barao. Sixteen articles since 1986.

Dairy Talk. Department of Animal & Avian Sciences newsletter for county agents and dairy producers. Edited by R.R. Peters and R. A. Erdman. Three articles since 1997.

4. Other University of Maryland Publications

Veterinary Newsletter. Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine, Maryland Campus, newsletter for practicing veterinarians, county agents and Extension Veterinarians in other states. Edited by D. K. Carmel. Six articles from 1988 to 1991.

5. Reports.

Bennett, C.F., M. Andrews, C. Bable, C. McKenna, G. Mayeske, T. Tate, A. Weber, and M. Varner. 1985. Report of a federal/state task group: recommendations on ES-USDA actions relative to submitted state impact study reports and summaries. Report submitted to Dr. J. Bottum, Deputy administrator, Program Development, Evaluation and Management Systems-USDA, Washington, D.C. 35 pages.

6. Abstracts and other professional papers presented.

Varner, M.A., S.L. Davis, and J.J. Reeves. 1977. Serum GH levels and growth in ram lambs immunized to somatostatin. 69th Annual Meeting, American Society of Animal Science Abstr. No. 532, p. 213.

Varner, M.A., S.L. Davis, and J.J. Reeves. 1977. Serum GH and plasma glucagon levels and growth in ram lambs immunized to somatostatin. Fifth International Symposium on Somatostatin, Proc. Freiburg, Germany.

Varner, M.A., T.H. Welsh, and B.H. Johnson. 1979. Effects of orchiectomy on concentrations of corticosteroids and progesterone in prepubertal bulls. 71st Annual Meeting, American Society of Animal Science, Abstr. No. 497, p. 343-344.

Varner, M.A. and L.C. Ulberg. 1981. Conception rates in dairy cows inseminated with semen of different levels of fertility. 58th Annual Meeting, American Dairy Science Association, Southern Branch, J. Dairy Sci. 64 (Suppl 1):173.

Varner, M.A. and B.H. Johnson. 1981. Changes in milk production and certain endocrine parameters in ACTH treated cows. 75th Annual Meeting, American Dairy Science Association. J. Dairy Sci. 64 (Suppl 1):166.

Varner, M.A., J.H. Britt, B.T. McDaniel, R.D. Mochrie, and B.H. Johnson. 1981. Effects of herd relocation upon certain production and endocrine parameters in dairy cows. 75th Annual Meeting, American Dairy Science Association. J. Dairy Sci. 64 (Suppl 1):165.

Varner, M.A. and W.F. Williams. 1983. Influence of a bull upon the location of estrus mounts by heifers following prostaglandin F-2-Alpha (PGF) synchronization. 75th Annual Meeting, American Society of Animal Science, J. Anim. Sci. 57 (Suppl. 1):143.

Varner, M.A., J.L. Majeskie, R.R. Peters, and T.R. Rickard. 1983. Interrelationships between participation in extension programs, certain herd production variables, and age, educational level, and role in the operation for dairy farmers in Maryland. 78th Annual Meeting, American Dairy Science Association. J. Dairy Sci. 66 (Suppl 1):143.

Varner, M.A. and W.F. Williams. 1984. Behavioral responses to sprays of bull urine or water by lactating Holstein cows in various physiological states. 10th International Congress on Animal Reproduction and Artificial Insemination, Proc. Vol. I (Abstr.):297, Urbana, IL.

Varner, M.A., E.R. Jordan, and J.E. Manspeaker. 1985. The Integrated Reproductive Management (IRM) In Service Training Program for county agents in Maryland and West Virginia. 80th Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Association, J. Dairy Sci. 68 (Suppl.1):237.

Varner, M.A. and J.E. Manspeaker. 1985. Evaluation of the Integrated Reproductive Management (IRM) Workshops for dairy and beef producers in Maryland. 77th Annual Meeting of American Society of Animal Science, University of Georgia. J. Anim. Sci. 61(Suppl.1):245-246.

Garlichs, S.C. and M.A. Varner. 1985. Frequency of aggressive behavior compared to mounting in dairy cows. 77th Annual Meeting of American Society of Animal Science, University of Georgia. J. Anim. Sci. 61(Suppl.1):212.

Peters, R.R., K.A. DeMarco, J.E. Manspeaker, E.K. Cassel, R.L. King, and M.A. Varner. 1985. Response of dairy producers to video-tape program on milk quality and mastitis control. 80th Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Association, J. Dairy Sci. 68 (Suppl.1):246-247.

Varner, M.A. and J.E. Manspeaker. 1987. Changes in herd reproductive statistics for participants in the Maryland Dairy Integrated Reproductive Management (IRM) producer extension workshops. Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Ass'n, Northeast Region, ADSA Abstr. No. NE8, J. Dairy Sci. 70(Suppl. 1):263.

Peters, R.R., E.K. Cassel, R.C. Eickelberger, J.L. Majeskie, J.E. Manspeaker, J.T. Marshall, L.E. Stewart, M.A. Varner, L.R. Vough, and J.W. Wysong. 1987. The Maryland dairy herd demonstration project: I. Program Development. 82nd Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Ass'n., Abstr. No. P192, J. Dairy Sci. 70(Suppl.1):168.

LeDane, R.A., M.A. Varner, M.J. Paape, and R.R. Peters. 1987. Influence of storage time and milk fraction upon milk somatic cell count and progesterone levels. 82nd Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Ass'n., Abstr. No. P96, J. Dairy Sci. 70(Suppl. 1):136.

LeDane, R.A., M.A. Varner, M.J. Paape, and R.R. Peters. 1987. Influence of milk somatic cell count on results of ProgestassayJ for pregnancy detection in dairy cows. 82nd Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Ass'n., Abstr. No. P54, J. Dairy Sci. 70(Suppl. 1):122.

Varner, M.A. and J.E. Manspeaker. 1987. The Maryland dairy herd demonstration project :IV Changes in reproductive performance. 82nd Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Ass'n., Abstr. No. P195, J. Dairy Sci. 70 (Suppl. 1):169.

Clingerman, K.J. and M.A. Varner. 1988. Puberty detection in gilts by a vaginal smear technique. J. Anim. Sci. 66(Suppl. 1): 402(Abstr.)

Varner, M.A., K. Cover, and K.J. Clingerman. 1988. Use of operant conditioning for identification of estrus in Holstein Heifers. Proc. American Assn. Advan. Sci. Annual Meeting. Boston, MA, Feb. 12-15, 1988.

Erdman, R.A., L.W. Douglass, and M.A. Varner. 1990. A dose response summarization model of published bovine somatotropin research. J. Dairy Sci. 73(Suppl. 1):162.

Peters, R.R., E.K. Cassel, M.A. Varner, R.C. Eickelberger, L.R. Vough, J.W. Wysong, L.E Stewart, and L.W. Douglass. 1991. 86th Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Ass'n., Abstr. p. 281, J. Dairy Sci. 74(Suppl. 1):235.

Varner, M.A., W.M. Rivera, and Y. Nokuri. 1991. A needs assessment tool for evaluating dairy producer training requirements. Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Ass'n., Northeast Region, Abstr. NE6, J. Dairy Sci. 74(Suppl. 1):311.

Varner, M.A. and R.A. Cady. 1991. Dairy-L: A new concept in technology transfer for Extension. 86th Annual Meeting American Dairy Science Ass'n., Abstr. p. 178, J. Dairy Sci. 74(Suppl. 1):201.

Varner, M.A. and D.K. Carmel. 1992. CYSTCOST: A computer spreadsheet program that estimates the costs of various therapeutic programs for cystic ovarian disease. J. Dairy Sci. 75(Suppl. 1):219 (Abstr. #223).

Varner, M.A. and R.A. Cady. 1992. Dairy-L: A novel electronic information exchange network for extension and private-industry professionals. J. Anim. Sci. 70(Suppl. 1): 177 (Abstr. #162).

Maatje, K., M. Nielen, W. Rossing, and M. Varner. 1993. Evaluation of animal health and oestrus using detection sensors. 44th Annual Meeting of the European Association of Animal Production. Aarhus, DO, August 16-19.

Peters, R.R., D.C. Westhoff, and M.A. Varner. 1994. Development of a strategic plan for the Maryland dairy industry. Joint Meeting of ADSA/AAAS, Minneapolis. July 11-14. J. Dairy Sci. 77(Suppl. 1):357.

Varner, M.A., K. Maatje, M. Nielen, and W. Rossing. 1994. Predicting value positive and sensitivity of pedometers for detection of estrus using three reference standards. Joint Meeting of ADSA/ASAS, Minneapolis. July 11-14. J. Dairy Sci. 77(Suppl. 1):286.

Varner, M.A. and E.R. Jordan. 1995. Development of a World-Wide-Web implementation for the National Dairy Database reproduction system. J. Dairy Sci. 78(Suppl. 1):162.

Varner, M.A. and M. Spencer. 1995. Considerations for publishing dairy information in different formats. J. Dairy Sci. 78(Suppl. 1):160.

Varner, M.A. 1995. Using the information superhighway effectively. Joint Meeting of the Midwest ADSA/ASAS, Ames, April 10-12. (Invited presentation).

Lefcourt, A. R. Barfield, B. Erez, M. Varner and U. Tasch. 1996 Use of heart-rate to assay stress response of dairy cows. ADSA Annual Meeting, Corvallis Oregon. July.

Lefcourt, B. Erez, M. Varner and U. Tasch. 1997. Identifying anxiety responses of dairy cows associated with discrete aspects of routine management procedures. J. Dairy Sci. Vol. 80 (Suppl. 1):201.

Varner, M.A. and R.A. Cady. 1998. Information technology via the Internet. J. Dairy Sci. Vol. 81 (Suppl. 1): 61 (Invited presentation).

Sanders, A.H., M.A. Varner and R.A. Erdman. 1998. The effects of six times a day milking in early lactation on milk production and composition. J. Dairy Sci. Vol. 81 (Suppl. 1): 256.

Cady, R.A. and M.A. Varner. 1999. Changes in usage patterns of Dairy-L subscribers. ADSA Annual Meeting, Submitted.

7. Other Publications.

a. Non-refereed Journal Articles.

Varner, M.A. 1986. Use of milk progesterone testing for problem cows. Bovine Practitioner 21:165-171. (One of two papers selected and reprinted by Bovine Practitioner (National/ International circulation) from regional conference, Current Concepts for Bovine Reproduction, Annual Bovine Seminar, Proceedings. (See IV. A. 7. b. below)).

b. Proceedings.

Varner, M.A. 1985. Use of milk progesterone testing for problem cows. Current Concepts for Bovine Reproduction, Annual Bovine Seminar Proceedings. Presented by American Assn. Bovine Practitioners and Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine. Frederick, MD, Sept. 26-27, 1985. 17 pages.

Varner, M.A. 1985. Use of DHI records in solving fertility problems. Current Concepts for Bovine Reproduction, Annual Bovine Seminar Proceedings. Presented by American Assn. Bovine Practitioners and Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine. Frederick, MD, Sept. 26-27, 1985. 20 pages.

Varner, M.A. and R.A. Levins. 1986. Expert systems software for diagnosing reproductive problems in dairy cattle. Feb. 5-6, International Conference on Computers in Agricultural Extension Programs. Lake Buena Vista, FL. pp 350-355.

Varner, M.A. 1988. Diagnostic and prognostic uses of DHIA reproduction records. Proceedings, Annual Fall Conference for Bovine Practitioners. Sponsored by Amer. Assn. Bovine Pract. and VA-MD Reg. Coll. Vet. Med. Frederick, MD, No. 3-4, 1988.

Varner, M.A. and R.A. Cady. 1992. An alternate paradigm for fostering collaborative research and technology transfer. Prospects for automatic milking, Proc. Internat. Symp. Wageningen, Netherlands. 23-25 November. EAAP Publication 65:572-575.

Varner, M.A. and R.A. Cady. 1992. Dairy-L: An electronic information exchange network for professionals advising dairy producers. Faxon Conference entitled "Listening to users: case studies in building electronic communities," May 3-5. 10 pages.

Varner, M.A. and R.A. Cady. 1992. Dairy-L: An electronic information exchange network for professionals advising dairy producers. Maryland Nutrition Conference, Proc., April 2-3, Baltimore. pp. 109-116.

Varner, M.A., K. Maatje, M. Neilen and W. Rossing. 1993. Oestrus identification using pedometers. Preliminary results. p. 17-30, DINA/MPP Symposium on Herd Health Decision Support. Utrecht, The Netherlands. June 15-16.

Varner, M.A., K. Maatje, M. Neilen and W. Rossing. 1994. Changes in lactating dairy cows pedometer readings relative to onset of estrus-associated mounting activity and number of cows in estrus. Dairy Systems for the 21st Century, Proceedings of third international conference on dairy housing. ASAE, St. Joseph, MO. Orlando, FL. Feb. 1-3. p. 434.

Varner, M.A. 1995. Using the Information Highway Effectively. 4-State Applied Nutrition & Management Conference. 2-3 August. LaCrosse, WI pp. 74-87.

Varner, M.A. 1995. There=s more than e-mail on the internet. The Bovine Proceedings. January. pp. 179-180.

Varner, M.A. 1995. Getting the most out of listserv. The Bovine Proceedings. January. pp. 173-177.

Varner, M.A. 1996. Surfing the Net. 1996 Western Canada Dairy Seminar, Proceedings. ed. J. Kennelly. p. 117 and http://bull.afns.ualberta.ca/wcds/wcd96/wcd96127.htm Red Deer, Alberta, March 13

Varner, M.A. 1996. The Information Superhighway - Getting Your Learners License. 1996 Western Canada Dairy Seminar, Proceedings. ed. J. Kennelly. p. 1 and http://bull.afns.ualberta.ca/wcds/wcd96/wcd96001.htm. Red Deer, Alberta. March 12.

Erdman, R.A. and M.A. Varner. 1996. Production responses to 3X milking. What can you expect?. ENGALEC "96 Dairy Conference. Torreon, MX. March 15.

Varner, M.A. 1996. Trends in electronic communication methods for cooperative workgroups. 6th International Conf. on Comp. Tech. in Ag., Wageningen, NL June 16-19, p. 177-181.

Varner, M.A. 1998. Practical approaches to improving on-farm detection of estrus. ANEMBE: V Congreso Internacional de Medicina Bovina. Sitges, Spain. 29 April to 3 May. pp 273 - 277.

Varner, M.A. 1998. Internet resources to solve fertility problems.. ANEMBE: V Congreso Internacional de Medicina Bovina. Sitges, Spain. 29 April to 3 May. pp 279 - 284.

Varner, M.A. 1999. Information technology for dairy producers. Western Canada Dairy Seminar.

Red Deer, Alberta. 10 May (Submitted).

Varner, M.A. 1999. Finding the time for AI. Western Canada Dairy Seminar. Red Deer, Alberta. 10 May (Submitted).

c. National Agricultural Producer Publications.

Gray, H.G. and M.A. Varner. 1985. Standing is not the only sign of heat. Hoard's Dairyman. 130:946.

Varner, M.A. and H.G. Gray. 1985. Find your herd's hot spots and hot times. Hoard's Dairyman. 130:1016.

Erdman, R.A. and M.A. Varner. 1990. BST will change how we feed cows. Hoard's Dairyman. 139(9):472.

Varner, M.A. 1991. Now there's hope for cystic cows. Hoard's Dairyman. 136(18):786.

Erdman, R.A., M.A. Varner, and L.W. Douglass. 1991. How cows respond to BST. Hoard's Dairyman. 136(9):406.

Varner, M.A. 1996. Why dairymen should be on the "net". Hoard's Dairyman. 141(11):449.

Varner, M.A. Tools for Profit column in Dairy Herd Management (national distribution magazine for dairy producers and advising professionals)

1995

Tracking reproductive costs. (Inaugural column) 32(1):44

Set yourself in the Web. 32(5):36

To 3X or Not to 3X? 32(9):40

1996

Costly Mistakes 33(2):54

A New Kind of Toolbox 33(9):41

d. Theses.

Varner, M.A. 1977. Changes in serum growth hormone levels due to active immunization to somatostatin in sheep. M.S. Thesis, Washington State University.

Varner, M.A. 1981. Influences of herd relocation and adrenocorticotropin upon milk production, certain milk constituents, and various endocrine-related physiological parameters in dairy cows. Ph.D. Thesis, North Carolina State University.

B. Other Creative and Scholarly Activities:

1. Original designs and plans, and patents.

2. Contracts and grants, gifts (research and extension).

a. Contracts and Grants.

Title: Influence of bull odors upon expression of estrus in dairy cows.

Sponsor: Cooperative Agreement with Reproduction Laboratory, Animal Sciences Inst., USDA-Beltsville, Dr. H. Hawk.

Funding: $2500.00

Duration: 1982-1983.

Role: Project Coordinator

Co-workers: W.F. Williams and E. Russek-Cohen, Department of Animal Sciences (ANSC).

Description: Project was designed to evaluate the influence of bull odors upon expression of estrus in dairy cows. Supporting Hatch project MD-G-90.

Title: Dairy Integrated Reproductive Management (IRM) Manual

Sponsor: Northeast Regional IRM Funding (Dr. A.M. Smith, Univ. of VT; Chairman)

Funding: $3,000

Duration: 1984

Role: Chairperson of regional committee requesting money.

Co-workers: R.D. Smith (NY) and R.W. Prange (MA) on regional committee. E.R. Jordan (WV) edited the manual.

Description: Manual contains 28 fact sheets designed to help county agents, dairy producers, veterinarians and AI technicians solve reproductive problems in dairy herds. The manual was intended to be used in educational programs for county agents, dairy producers, veterinarians and AI technicians. Grant was used as seed money for the manual. Funds were directed to West Virginia University to purchase printing supplies.

Title: Development and Use of a New Technique for Diagnosis of Bovine Ovarian Dysfunction Through the Measurement of Milk Hormone Levels

Sponsors: Avrum R. Gudelsky Research Fund

Funding: $20,000

Duration: 1984-1985

Role: Project coordinator

Co-workers: J.L. Manspeaker, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine (VMRCVM) and W.F. Williams, ANSC.

Description: Project was designed to modify an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for use in determining progesterone levels in milk of dairy cows.

Title: Maryland Profitable and Efficient Production (PEP) Program Demonstration Herd Project:

Sponsors: Dairymen Inc., Mid. Atl. Div., Eldersburg, MD; Interstate Milk Prod. Coop., Southhampton, PA; Capitol Milk Prod., Frederick, MD; Lehigh Valley Farmers, Lansdale, PA; 32 Dairy producer participants

Funding: $20,000

Duration: 1985-1986

Role: Cooperator in project, responsible for reproductive management.

Co-workers: R.R. Peters (Project Coordinator), E.K. Cassel, J.L. Majeskie, J.T. Marshall, ANSC; L.E. Stewart, Dep't of Agric. Eng.; L.R. Vough, Agron.; J.W. Wysong, Dep't Ag. & Res. Econ.; J.E. Manspeaker, VMRCVM.

Description: See IV. D. 1. c..

Title: Analysis of leg pedometer readings in differing sized groups of oestrual and prestrual non-pregnant lactating dairy cows.

Sponsor: Alfa-Laval, Tumba, Sweden

Funding: $550,000

Duration: 1993-1994

Role: Principal author and investigator for two collaborative experiments. Entire project had six experiments Cooperator in the other experiments.

Co-workers: K. Maatje, W. Rossing, and A.H. Ipema (Project leaders). Over 20 scientists and staff members from IVO-DLO, IMAG-DLO and Utrecht Univ. cooperating.

Description: A cooperative research and development program consisting of 6 experiments to investigate factors influencing the identification of estrus and health disorders from data collected automatically in three herds of dairy cows. Funds were used to support, in part, the research of MAV while on sabbatical leave. Further, the funding was used to collect a large dataset by MAV for later experiments.

Title: Development of a non-invasive method to monitor physiological and behavioral changes in dairy cows during acclimation to an automated milking system.

Sponsor: Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station Competitive Grants Program

Funding: $15,000

Duration: 1995-1996

Role: Principal investigator

Co-workers: A. Lefcourt (USDA-BARC) and U. Tasch (UMBC).

Description: Development of a bio-behavioral assay system to monitor changes in heart-rate and behavior in dairy cattle during acclimation to automated equipment and conspecifics.

Title: Development of a novel force plate system for objective determination of lameness in dairy cattle.

Sponsor: Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station Competitive Grants Program

Funding: $15,000

Duration: 1997-1998

Role: Cooperating investigator

Co-workers: N. Deuel (P.I.),A. Lefcourt (USDA-BARC) and U. Tasch (UMBC).

Description: Development of an electronic system to determine lameness in cows.

Title: Maryland Poultry Web:: Development of a training program for poultry industry professionals and unique Maryland-based World Wide Web resources

Sponsor: Maryland Cooperative Extension Competitive Grants Program

Funding: $5,000

Duration: 1998-1999

Role: Cooperating investigator

Co-workers: I. Estevez (PI), N. Zimmermann and S. Schoenian (Wicomico Co.)

Description: Development of a training program for poultry industry professionals and a WWW site (poultry.umd.edu) containing unique Maryland-based World Wide Web resources

 

 

 

b. Gifts.

C $2,000 software dairy management package from Agri-Management Services, Logan, UT. 1984.

C $10,200 worth of Progestassay kits and associated supplies from Pittman-Moore, Washington Crossing, NJ, for use in PEP Demonstration Herds (See IV. D. 1. c.). 1985-1986.

C Gift of $2,000 software swine management package from Agri-Management Services, Logan, UT. 1986.

C Sponsorship of Maryland-Virginia Dairy Management Seminars by 17 agribusiness firms for a total of $1600.00. 1988.

C Gifts of milk progesterone testing kits by 5 agribusiness firms for a total of $1750.00. 1988-1991.

C Sponsorship of educational programs for Maryland Holstein annual meeting for over $10,000 by over 20 agribusiness firms. 1991

C Gifts of over $1,000 from various agribusiness firms for national American Dairy Science Association meeting. 1993.

C Gifts of computer software for Maryland Dairy Management Software Library valued at over $500.

3. Special Recognition and Achievements.

a. Invited Presentations.

Presented (last 5 years listed)

1994.

C Presented Seminar entitled "Dutch AgricultureCTrends in the Dairy Industry" to 150 dairy producers and family members. Keynote speaker for South Jersey Dairy Conference and Trade Show. February 8.

C Presented Seminar entitled "Trends in the Dutch Dairy Industry" to 30 dairy producers and family members. Sponsored by Central Maryland Guernsey Breeders District. February 17.

C Presented Seminar entitled "Trends in the Dutch Dairy Industry" to 150 dairy producers. Sponsored by Maryland Holstein Association. March 11.

C Presented Seminar entitled "Recent Advances with bST" for 25 dairy producers and family members. Sponsored by the Baltimore County DHI and Holstein Association. March 17.

C Presented Seminar entitled AThere=s more than e-mail on the internet@. 27th Annual Conference of the Am. Assoc. Bovine Practitioners, 22 September. (See IV.A.7.b. above)

C Presented Seminar entitled AGetting the most out of listserv@. 27th Annual Conference of the Am. Assoc. Bovine Practitioners, 22 September. (See IV.A.7.b. above) 1995.

C Presented Seminar entitled "Using the Information Superhighway Effectively" to Midwest ADSA/ASAS annual meeting in the Extension section. Ames, IA. April 12. 175 participants (See IV. A. 6 above)

C Presented Symposium paper entitled "Considerations for publishing dairy information in different formats" to Extension and Education Symposium "Effectively Incorporating Technology Into Extension/Teaching Programs"; National ADSA annual meeting in Ithaca, NY June 26. 150 participants. (See IV. A. 6 above)

C Presented Seminar entitled AUsing the Information Superhighway Effectively@ to 4-State Applied Nutrition & Management Conference. LaCrosse, WI. 2 August. 200 participants.

C Presented Seminar entitled "Using the Information Superhighway Effectively" to 40 faculty, staff and students in Dairy and Animal Sciences Department, The Pennsylvania State University, State College. August 11.

C Presented Seminar entitled APastures along the Information Superhighway@ at the National Milk Producers Association 79th annual meeting. 30 November. Nashville, TN. 225 participants.

1996.

C Presented invited paper entitled "An Internet Appliance in Your Milk House" at National Dairy Herd Improvement, Annual Meeting. Kansas City, MO. March 4. 200 participants.

C Presented Plenary paper entitled "Surfing the Net" at Western Canada Dairy Seminar, Red Deer, Alberta. March 13. 250 participants (See IV.A.7.b. above)

C Presented paper entitled "Focus on Dairy Database" at USDA, Washington, DC for 25 participants from the Danish Family Farmer's Assoc., Danish Agric. Advis. Center and Agric. EDP-Center. June 7.

C Presented invited paper entitled "Trends in electronic communication methods for cooperative work groups" at 6th Int. Conf. on Comp. Tech. in Agri. June 17. 75 participants (See IV.A.7.b. above)

C Present paper entitled "Web Access Options" at 29th Annual Conference of Amer. Assoc. Bovine Pract., Sept. 12. San Diego, CA. 150 participants

C Present paper entitled "Feeding from the Net" at the Vermont Feed Dealers and Manufacturer's Annual Meeting. Sept. 19. Burlington, VT. 100 participants

C Present paper entitled "Beef on the Net" at the American Highland Cattle Assoc. Annual Meeting, Oct. 18. Baltimore, MD

C Present paper entitled "Internet for Agriculture" at Ag Computing and Electronics (ACE) Expo, Dec. 11. Lancaster, PA

1998.

C Invited presentation entitled AInformation technology via the Internet@ in the Breeding and Genetics Program, 1998 Joint ADSA/ASAS Meeting, Denver, Colorado, July 27th - 31st.

1999 (scheduled)

b. Chairperson Responsibilities. (last 5 years listed)

1994.

C Chaired session for contributed papers at Joint ADSA/ASAS annual meeting, Minneapolis, MN, July 11-14.

 

1996.

C Chaired session for invited papers at 6th Int. Conf. on Comp. Technology in Agric. Wageningen, NL, June 17.

4. Review of Grants, Research Proposals, and Publications.

a. Grants.

Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation. 1983. Peer review of one grant proposal.

National Science Foundation. 1987. Peer review of grant proposal for Psychobiology Section. One proposal.

Agency for International Development. 1987 and 1989. Served on peer review Animal Science Panel for 15 proposals in 1987 and 12 in 1989. Primary reviewer for one proposal and secondary reviewer for another each year.

Binational Agricultural Research and Development (BARD) Fund Program. Served as ad-hoc reviewed three proposals. 1989, 1991 and 1996.

Small Business Innovation Research Program, CSRS-USDA. Reviewed two proposals. 1993 & 1994.

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. Reviewed one proposal. 1994.

National Research Initiative - Competitive Grants Program - Ag. Systems - USDA. Two proposals. 1996.

National Research Initiative - Competitive Grants Program - Fund for Rural America- Telecommunications - CREES-USDA. Member of the review panel. 1997.

b. Editorship.

1. National Dairy Cattle Database.

Lead editor of Business Management Section, 1990-1992. Editor, 1992-1998. Database has 13 lead editors. Lead editors serve a 3 year term. Business Management section has 4 other editors. Database has over 900 publications (selected from over 2000) from across U.S. and was published on CD-ROM disk in 1992 (Ver. 1), 1994 (Ver. 2) and 1997 (Ver. 3).

2. Proceedings.

Department of Animal Sciences Research Review. June 17, 1986. First Annual Professional Paper Presentation Symposium; University of Maryland, College Park. Co-editorship with S. Hudson. A 118 page proceedings was produced.

Department of Animal Sciences Second Annual Symposium, Proceedings. June 8, 1987. University of Maryland, College Park. Co-editorship with W.R. Stricklin. A 103 page proceedings was produced.

Maryland-Virginia Dairy Management Meetings: Heifers: Your Future For Profit. March 8, 1988: Upperco, MD. March 9, 1988: Hagerstown, MD. A 59 page proceedings was produced.

Tri-State Dairy Reproduction Seminars. February 21-23, 1989. Co-editorship with E.K. Cassel. A 28-page proceedings was produced with national distribution.

c. Extension Publications.

Review of paper concerning extension's roles and relationship in agricultural technology complex. Extension Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.

Review of one refereed extension fact sheet for National Dairy Herd Improvement Manual. 1988.

 

C. Instruction:

1. Courses taught. (Last 5 years only)

Year Course Credit Enrollment

1994 ANSC 212, Taught 3 lectures 3 39

ANSC 446 Farm Animal Reproduction 3 40

(co-taught course with M.A. Ottinger. Taught 23 lectures)

1995 ANSC 101 Taught 4 sections of 1 lab 3 80

ANSC 212, Taught 3 lectures 3 40

ANSC 420 Taught 1 lecture and one lab. 2 12

ANSC 446 Farm Animal Reproduction 3 43

(co-taught course with M.A. Ottinger. Taught 21 lectures)

ANSC 447 Farm Animal Reproduction Lab 1 16

1996 ANSC 212 Taught 3 lectures 3 50

ANSC 446 Farm Animal Reproduction 3 45

(co-taught course with M.A. Ottinger. Taught 20 lectures)

ANSC 447 Farm Animal Reproduction Lab 1 10

1997 ANSC 212 Applied Animal Physiology (whole course) 3 43

ANSC 214 Applied Animal Physiology Lab (whole course) 1 39

ANSC 446 Farm Animal Reproduction 3 45

(co-taught course with M.A. Ottinger. Taught 12 lectures)

ANSC 447 Farm Animal Reproduction Lab 1 12

1998 (Winterterm)

ANSC 489G Dairy Artificial Insemination Practicum 1 8

ANSC 446 Farm Animal Reproduction 3 35

(co-taught course with M.A. Ottinger. Taught 15 lectures)

1999 ANSC 212 Applied Animal Physiology (whole course) 3 57

ANSC 214 Applied Animal Physiology Lab (whole course) 1 44

2. Supervision of Student research.

a. Chaired committee.

Name Degree / Date Employment

1. Brad J. Hilty M.S. 1984 President, PLS Agri-Management Associates,

Carlisle, PA

2. Stephanie C.

Garlichs, DVM M.S. 1985 Private Practice, Okanogan, WA

3. K. Clingerman, DVM M.S. 1988 Technical Rep. Johnson & Johnson

4. S. Seibel, DVM M.S. 1991 Private Practice, Laytonsville, MD.

5. Ashley Sanders In Progress Thesis M.S. Program

b. Member of committee.

Name Degree / Date Employment

1. P. J. Battista M.S. 1983 Ph.D. Program

2. A. C. G. Brown Ph.D. 1983 Advising Service, U.K.

3. J. B. Bortner M.S. 1985 Department of Interior

4. R. E. Bosley MGA 1985 Executive Accountant, Dept. Astronomy

5. J. Perry M.S. 1991 National Agricultural Library

6. L. Craig M.S. 1997 Technician, Univ. Of Michigan

7. M. Haines M.S. 1997 Ph.D. Program, Univ of MD

8. C. Moore M.S. 1997 Ph.D Program, Univ. of MD

  1. T. Dunlap In Progress UMCP Grad. School Fellow
  2. K. Wolf In Progress Graduate Assistantship

D. Extension Activities:

1. Major Programs Established.

a. Maryland Dairy Cattle Information Systems

Computers and the Internet are important communication and information management tools. A comprehensive communication program was developed that includes Internet-based electronic mail networks; contributions towards development of a dairy production fact sheet database published on CD-ROM and World-Wide-Web (WWW) technology; a dairy decision support software library, and a dairy decision support development laboratory. Each program component is described in detail below, but they were part of an overall program that included authoring articles for scientific, professional and producer publications, giving presentations to various audiences, and intensive training for dairy professionals and producers in workshops. The publications are listed in section IV.A. above. Details of the presentations are in section IV.A.3.a. The workshops are listed in section IV.D.3. below.

i. Dairy-L, DairyNew, DairyNet, YDLINet, IMC-L & AABP-L - Electronic Mail Discussion Groups.

Specialist Role: Conceived concept, implemented concept and recruited participants for Dairy-L and DairyNew. Aided in development of DairyNet. Aided in development of YDLINet in association with Young Dairy Leaders Institute. Aided in development of IMC-L and AABP-L in association with American Association of Bovine Practitioners. Origional contributions authored by MAV to Dairy-L are equal to 9 average-sized dairy fact sheets per year.

Co-moderators: R. Cady, Washington State University, W. Gilson, University of Georgia and T. VanWagner, VanWagner Holsteins for Dairy-L; S. Fultz, Univ. of MD and K. Olson, American Farm Bureau for DairyNew; S. Rankin, Univ. of MD for DairyNet; R. Saltman, Pharmacia-Upjohn for IMC-L, J. Ehrlich for AABP-L; and E. Merrill, Holstein Foundation and A. Davis, Westminster, MD for YDLINet.

Program Justification: Dairy is an economically important industry.

Program Description: Dairy production professionals from all U.S. states and over 55 countries participate in Dairy-L, the first successful agriculturally oriented electronic mail discussion group. The listserv electronic mail automation software is maintained at the University of Maryland, and participants send/receive mail at their local hosts. Dairy-L was established in 1990, and it=s membership includes academics, extension workers, dairy producers, students, government officials, veterinarians, consultants, feed industry representatives and other allied-industry personnel. DairyNew was established in 1995, and functions as a distribution system for longer communications, like newsletter articles. DairyNet is similar to Dairy-L, but for the dairy foods and processing professionals and has over 150 subscribers. IMC-L is for the AABP Information Management Committee. AABP-L is similar to Dairy-L but is for bovine practitioners. YDLINet is a discussion forum for the 125 participants in the national Young Dairy Leaders Institute, sponsored by the Holstein Foundation.

Program Results:

- Dairy-L has over 3,600 dairy production professionals (most from the private sector) from all 50 states and over 55 countries participating.

- Over 4,900 messages were sent in 1998, with most being questions and associated replies.

- Dairy-L was the first successful Internet application in agriculture, and outside evaluations rate it as the most popular in agriculture (http://tile.net/in 1/96, but they have since discontinued the rankings).

- Similar efforts in beef, goats, swine, poultry and various veterinary disciplines have been based on Dairy-L=s success.

- Dairy-L=s success was featured on public television stations nationally and was cited in local, state, regional and national publications, including the Univ. of Maryland president=s report to the General Assembly and an Office of Technology Assessment report to Congress.

- DairyNew was started in 1995 and has over 350 subscribers. Over 250 messages were distributed.

- DairyNet was started in 1996 and has over 170 subscribers.

- IMC-L was started in 1996 and has 22 subscribers.

- AABP-L was moved from the Univ. of Prince Edward Island to Univ. of Maryland in 1998 and has over 1,400 subscribers. Over 4,700 messages were distributed on AABP-L.

- YDLINet was started in late 1998 with the 125 participants in the third class in the Young Dairy Leaders Institute.

ii. National Dairy Database (NDD)

Specialist Role: Chairperson of National Planning Committee, served as one of 13 lead editors (responsibility for dairy production business management) and served as an editor. Wrote fact sheets contained in NDD. Established NDD availability on WWW. Trained MCES professional staff in NDD use.

Co-workers: B. Jones (U of WI) is overall editor. W.A. Knoblauch (Cornell), G.A. Benson (N.C. State), R. Frank (U. of WI) and G.S. Willett (Wash. State Un.) served on Business Management Editorial Committee. G.A. Benson is currently Lead Editor.

Justification: Dairy is an economically important industry in Maryland and the U.S. No national collection of extension dairy production publications was available.

Program Duration: Planning started in 1987. Publication of Ver. 1.0 was in June of 1992. Ver. 2 was distributed in 1994.Ver. 3 was distributed in 1997.

Program Description: All dairy production extension publications in the U.S. were collected and divided according to 13 topics. A Lead Editor was selected for each topic, and an editorial committee was selected. Over 2000 publications were reviewed. Most publications were rejected. Accepted publications were published on CD-ROM media in 1992, and were revised and updated for later versions.

Program Results:

- NDD was the first Extension publication collection to be published exclusively in electronic media.

- All MD dairy counties have received all versions of the CD along with training.

- The NDD was set up on the Univ. of Maryland=s InforM WWW server by MAV in cooperation with the USDA National Ag Library.

- Recent usage statistics (12/98) demonstrate that the WWW version of the NDD received over 25,000 accesses per month.

- The NDD was selected by the Internet version of Encyclopedia Britannica as the as their recommended reference for more information on dairy production.

- Over 1,000 copies of the CD have been distributed.

iii. Maryland Dairy Decision Support Software Library

Specialist Role: Established library

Co-worker: None

Program Justification: Dairy is an economically important industry in Maryland.

Program Description: A library of all public domain, share-ware and commercial dairy decision support computer software is being collected. All public domain and share-ware software are being made available via the Univ. of Maryland WWW InforM system.

Program Results:

- The library has approximately 1,000 accesses monthly (12/98 statistics).

b. Maryland Dairy Integrated Reproductive Management (IRM) Program

Specialist Role: Program Coordinator

Co-workers: E.K. Cassel, R.A. Erdman, J.L. Majeskie, Department of Animal Sciences (ANSC); J.L. Manspeaker and D.K. Carmel, Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine (VMRCVM), county extension faculty in local counties, and local practicing veterinarians.

Sponsors: Over 200 participating dairy producers.

Outside Funding: Program Participants $3,715

Program Justification: Dairy is an economically important industry in Maryland, and reproductive inefficiency is an important problem costing dairy producers approximately $12,000,000 annually.

Program Duration: 1984-1996.

Program Description:

Dairy Producer Component:

MAV developed, coordinated, and conducted a series of Maryland Dairy Integrated Reproductive Management (IRM) Program workshops, a 3 state (Mid-Atlantic) series of 3 dairy reproductive management seminars, and a series of cystic ovary workshops. Primary educational tool was the Northeast Dairy IRM Manual (see IV. D. 1. b. below). IRM Program was the third phase of the Maryland Profitable and Efficient Production (PEP) Program (see IV. D. 1. c. below).

County Agent In-Service Training:

MAV developed, coordinated and conducted a bi-state 3-day indepth in-service IRM training program for county agents from Maryland and West Virginia in cooperation with E.R. Jordan of West Virginia University.

Workshop for Veterinarians:

Contributed three presentations to regional veterinarian workshop. Coordinated by J. E. Manspeaker and D.K. Carmel (See IV. A. 7. b.).

Artificial Insemination (AI) Technician Workshop:

Developed an AI technician workshop in conjunction with personnel at AI bull studs. Focus of the workshop was identification of causes for herd reproductive problems of clients.

Program Results:

Dairy Producer Component:

14 workshops conducted in 16 counties across Maryland for over 200 participants representing 171 herds during 1985-86. Direct economic benefit to participants was estimated to be $931/herd/year, for a statewide annual economic impact of $159,000. Program was cited in University of Maryland Report of the President. 1984-1985.

County Agent In-Service Training:

Participating agents rated the workshop the best they had ever attended and desired to continue the bi-state in-service training approach.

Workshop for Veterinarians:

130 practicing veterinarians from 9 states participated in workshops.

AI Technician Workshop:

Conducted 2 workshops for 25 participants.

c. Northeast Dairy IRM Manual.

Specialist Role: Chaired regional committee responsible for manual organization and development. Authored proposal for $3,000 grant from regional IRM funds to initiate project. Identified potential authors and chose an editor. Authored or co-authored 5 of 28 fact sheets

Co-workers: R.D. Smith (NY) and R.W. Prange (MA) on regional committee. E.R. Jordan (WV) edited the manual.

Sponsors: Northeast Regional IRM Funding

Outside Funding: $3000 seed money from regional funds, other funding by selling manuals. West Virginia University printed manuals and handled money.

Program Duration: 1983-1984 for original publication. Updates printed in 1987.

Program Description: Manual contains 28 fact sheets designed to help county agents, dairy producers, veterinarians and AI technicians solve reproductive problems in dairy herds.

Program Results:

- Over 2,500 copies of the manual sold in approximately 48 states and 9 foreign countries.

- Fact sheets authored or co-authored by MAV and other specialists have been reprinted in national dairy publications (See IV. A. 7. c.).

- Manual was selected as one of only 9 collections of publications submitted by the National Agricultural Library to the Extension Service at USDA for inclusion in the National Extension CD-ROM Sampler with 84 major collections.

d. Maryland Profitable and Efficient Production (PEP) Program.

Specialist Role: Cooperated in conceiving, planning and initiating 5-year interdisciplinary Extension program with specialists from Departments of Animal Sciences, Agronomy, Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural and Resource Economics, and VMRCVM. Major responsibilities include:

C Coordinator of third phase (IRM Program, see IV. D. 1. b. above), for educational portion of PEP Program.

C Design, implementation and coordination of impact evaluation plan.

C Coordination for reproductive management aspects of PEP Demonstration Herds.

C Assisted with other subject matter educational phases as required.

Co-workers: E.K. Cassel, J.L. Majeskie, J.T. Marshall, R.R. Peters, ANSC; L.E. Stewart, Dep't of Agric. Eng.; L.R. Vough, Agron.; J.W. Wysong, Dep't Ag. & Res. Econ.; J.E. Manspeaker, VMRCVM.

Sponsors (Demonstration Phase): Dairymen Inc., Mid. Atl. Div., Eldersburg, MD; Interstate Milk Prod. Coop., Southhampton, PA; Capitol Milk Prod., Frederick, MD; Lehigh Valley Farmers, Lansdale, PA; 32 Dairy producer participants, Pittman-Moore, Inc, Washington Crossing, NJ.

Outside Funding (Demonstration Phase):

Milk Markets $20,000

Participating Producers $47,000

Pittman-Moore (Gift of supplies) $10,200

Total $77,200

Program Justification: The dairy industry is an important component of Maryland's economy. Income from milk sales accounts for over $215,000,000, annually, ranking second in statewide farm income.

Program Duration: 1982-1987.

Program Description: The PEP Program had 3 subject matter educational phases and an interdisciplinary herd demonstration project. The educational phase for the third year is described above (See IV. D. 1. b.). Thirty dairy herds across Maryland participated in a 2-year integrated multi-disciplinary demonstration project (1985-1986). Major emphasis for improving reproductive management in demonstration herds was use of a new biotechnological diagnostic tool to determine the cause of reproductive problems. PEP Demonstration herd producers were first in U.S. to use this technology on the farm.

Program Results: A significant improvement in reproductive efficiency was observed over the two years of the project, with the project herds improving at a rate significantly better than state-wide trends.

2. Extension Presentations (Details on the last 5 years presented. Previous years summarized.)

1997: Presented demonstration on WWW for over 100 participants in Frederick/Carroll/Howard/Baltimore County, February 5.

1996: Presented seminar on WWW or dairy cattle reproduction with 160 participants at separate programs in:

Frederick/Carroll/Howard/Baltimore County, February 7

Maryland Cattlemen's Conference, March 1

1995: Presented seminar on cattle reproduction to 60 participants

Maryland Cattlemen's Conference, March 6

1994: Presented or scheduled seminar on Dairy-L and the National Dairy Database at county agents request with 225 participants for statewide program with meetings in:

Garrett County, February 7

Washington County, February 8

Frederick County, February 9

Cecil County, February 10

Eastern Shore, February 11 (canceled due to weather)

1992: Presented seminars on reproduction of cattle at County Agricultural Agents or producer group request with 250 participants for separate programs three locations.

1991: Presented seminars on reproduction of dairy cattle at County Agricultural Agents request with 150 participants for separate programs in two locations

1990: Presented seminars on reproduction of dairy cattle at County Agricultural Agents request for programs in two locations and 175 participants.

1989: Presented seminars on reproduction of dairy cattle at County Agricultural Agents request for programs in two locations and 200 participants.

1988: Presented seminars on reproduction of dairy cattle at County Agricultural Agents request for programs in two locations and 50 participants.

1987: Presented seminar concerning recent improvements in reproductive management of cattle and preparation of high quality visual aids in three locations and 200 participants.

1986: Presented seminars on reproduction of cattle at County Agricultural Agents' request for program in four locations and 125 participants.

1985: Presented seminars on reproduction of cattle in addition to IRM workshops at County Agricultural Extension Agents' request for programs in four locations and 175 participants.

1984: Presented seminars on use of hormone therapy in a dairy reproductive management program, beef cattle reproduction and PEP videotape mastitis meetings at County Agricultural Extension Agents' request for programs in six locations and approximately 150 participants.

1983: Presented seminars on interrelationships between dairy cattle nutrition and reproduction at County Agricultural Extension Agents' request for six separate dairy programs and approximately 200 participants.

1982: Presented seminars on reproduction of dairy cattle at County Agricultural Extension Agents' request for six separate dairy programs and approximately 200 participants.

3. Workshops.(Details on the last 5 years presented. Previous years summarized.)

1999: Organized, developed educational materials and conducted workshops concerning WWW and Internet technologies for five workshop sessions and 25 participants.

National Mastitis Council Short-course. February 14. College Park, MD.

1998: Organized, developed educational materials and conducted workshops concerning WWW and Internet technologies for five workshop sessions and 110 participants.

Exploring the Internet. Garrett County Community College for dairy producers. November. McHenry, MD

In-Service Training Program, New MCES Agric. Agents. College Park, MD, June.

Three sessions on "Exploring the Internet" at Amer. Assoc. Bovine Pract. annual meeting. Spokane, WA. September.

1997. Organized, developed educational materials and conducted workshops/demonstrations concerning WWW and Internet technologies

One session at the Western Large Dairy Herd Conference, Las Vegas, NV. March 11-15 (500 participants).

Two sessions at the American Association of Bovine Practitioners, Montreal, Canada, September 17-18 (40 participants).

1996: Organized, developed educational materials and conducted workshops concerning WWW and Internet technologies for seven workshop sessions and 130 participants.

National Mastitis Council Short-course, February 19. Nashville, TN

Western Canada Dairy Seminar Computer Short-course, March 12. Red Deer, Alberta

In-Service Training Program, MCES Agric. Agents. College Park, MD, June 27

Three sessions on "Exploring the Internet" at Amer. Assoc. Bovine Pract. annual meeting. September 10-11.

One session on "E-Mail Startup" at Amer. Assoc. Bovine Pract. annual meeting. September 12

1994: Made presentation at one workshop with 7 participants concerning interpretation of DHI records.

1992: Organized and made presentations in one workshop concerning cystic ovaries. for 20 participants.

1989: Organized and made presentations in 14 workshops for 175 participants in seven locations concerning reproductive management of dairy cattle.

1988: Co-organized and made one presentation at county agent in-service training program and two producer workshops concerning reproduction of cattle. 55 participants.

1987: Presented seminar concerning reproductive management of beef females at 3 beef cattle regional workshops for 45 participants.

1986: Three three-day workshops for approximately 35 total participants in 3 locations: (See IV. D. 1. a. above)

1985: Eleven two- or three-day workshops for approximately 175 total participants in 10 locations: (see IV. D. 1. a. above).

4. Radio and TV.

TV:

Appeared on CNBC - national cable show "Wake Up America" with live interview concerning bovine Spongiform encephalopathy (bSE). March 28, 1996.

Appeared on WJLA - Channel 7 Evening News with taped interview concerning bSE. March 22, 1996

Appeared on "Up On The Farm", Maryland Center for Public Broadcasting discussing a recent development in reproductive physiology of dairy cattle. December 1982.

Appeared on local WRC-TV news, Washington, D.C. discussing implications to Maryland's dairymen of PEP Program. News segment was subsequently picked up and carried by National NBC News program "Early Today." October 1982.

Radio:

Appeared on WTOP - 1500 AM with live interview concerning bSE. March 28, 1996

"Farm Report" hosted by Carl Briggs, WICO-FM 94, Salisbury, MD. January 1985.

Appeared on Denton, Maryland, radio station program "Agriculture in Caroline County" hosted by Caroline County Agricultural Extension Agent. WCTD-FM 107. Federalsburg, MD. August 1983 and September 1984.

5. Newspaper Columns.

Contributor to "The Dairyman" column published in The Delmarva Farmer, a weekly regional (Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia) agricultural newspaper with a circulation of 12,000.

- 20 columns from 1982-1986

E. Service:

1. Professional, public

a. Membership.

American Dairy Science Association.

Gamma Sigma Delta (Charter Member, University of Maryland-National Capital Area Chapter).

Maryland Extension Specialists Association.

b. Elected offices.

Elected Secretary, Gamma Sigma Delta, December 1984-1985.

Elected Secretary-Treasurer, 1989-1990; Vice President, 1990-1991; President, 1991-1992 of the Northeast Branch of American Dairy Science Association.

Elected Chairman of Northeast Coordinating Committee-(NEC-72), 1990.

c. Societal service activities.

Served on Constitution Committee, Gamma Sigma Delta, 1983.

Served on Program Committee, Maryland Extension Specialists Association, Summer 1983-1986.

Served on National American Dairy Science Association Extension and Education Committee, 1983-1986, 1992-1995

Served on Research Seminar Committee, Gamma Sigma Delta, 1984.

Co-chairperson of Awards Committee, Maryland Extension Specialists Association - 1986-1990.

Chaired Science and Technology Committee, Gamma Sigma Delta, 1986-1987.

Chaired, Gamma Sigma Delta Ag Day Committee. 1988-1989.

Served on Program Committee, Northeast ADSA/ASAS Annual Meeting, Chazy, NY. July 1990.

Served on ADSA/ASAS annual meeting Extension and Teaching Planning Committee. 1993-1994.

Served on Resolutions Committee, American Dairy Science Assoc., 1997 - Present.

Served on Nominating Committee, American Dairy Science Assoc., 1998 - Present

Served on Awards Committee, American Dairy Science Assoc., 1999 - Present

d. Ad hoc reviewing activities.

Internal Review of Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station Proposals. 5 projects

Scientific Papers for USDA-ARS Peer review prior to journal submission. 11 papers

Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. 1 project

Internal Review of manuscript, Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. 8 papers

Journal of Dairy Science - two manuscript. 1995 & 1996.

Journal of Animal Science - three symposium papers. 1996.

e. Non-University service.

Serve as advisor to Board of Directors, Sire Power, Inc., Maryland Sales Division. 1982-1995.

Elected Vice-Chairperson NEC-44, Northeast Regional IRM Coordinating Committee. Fall 1984-1987.

Member Project EXTRA Task Force, a national computer expert system development task force. Dr. H.L. Barrows, Director. (USDA-ARS, National Soil Erosion Lab., Purdue Univ., IN). 1987-1988.

Member/Chair National Planning Committee for National Dairy Cattle Computer Database. 1987-1997.

MAES representative to NEC-72, Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture. 1988-1992

Elected secretary (1990) and Chairman (1991) of NEC-72.

Served on national planning committee for ACAAA conference in 1995.

Served on Panel Selection Committee for permanent SY (research leader) in the Gene evaluation lab. 1994.

Served on International Program Committee, 6th Inter. Conf. for Comp. Tech. in Agric., Wageningen, NL. 1995-1996.

2. University service.

a. Served on committee.

Served on Space Allocation Committee, considering merger of Departments of Animal Science and Dairy Science, Spring-Summer 1982.

Served on Search Committee for Assistant Extension Director/ Chairperson, 4-H and Youth Department. 1982-1983.

Elected as faculty representative to Campus Senate from Department of Dairy Science, 1982-1985.

Served on Faculty Affairs Committee, Campus Senate, 1982-1985.

Served on Maryland Evaluation Committee for "Guidebook on example procedures and designs for evaluation of Extension results." 1983.

Served on MCES Accountability/Evaluation Committee, 1983-1984.

Served on Search Committee for Chairperson, Department of Animal Sciences. 1983-1984.

Maryland Ag Forum Planning Committee. March 1985 - Fall of 1985.

Served on Search Committee for Faculty Research/Teaching position in equine biomechanics. Nancy Deuel hired. Department of Animal Sciences. 1989-90.

Chaired Search Committee for Extension Horse Specialist, Department of Animal Sciences. 1989-90. Position frozen before hire could be made.

Elected to Campus Senate as At-Large Senator from College of Agriculture, 1988-1991.

Served on Campus Senate Faculty Grievance Panel, 1988-1991.

Served on College of Agriculture Emeritus Professor Committee, 1994.

Served on ANSC faculty search committee that resulted in hiring of R. Kohn. 1995.

Served on ANSC faculty search committee that resulted in hiring of S. Rankin. 1995

Serving on campus Animal Care and Use Committee. 1995-present.

Served on campus Information Technology Certificate Committee. 1998.

Served on College of Agriculture & Natural Resources Awards Committee, 1998.

b. Meeting Organization.

Co-chaired the development, organization, and conduction of the "Department of Animal Sciences Research Review, First Annual Professional Paper Presentation Symposium. University of Maryland, College Park. June 17, 1986. Symposium was attended by over 50 University administrators, county and state faculty, staff, graduate students, and members of the press. A 118 page proceedings was produced.

Co-chaired the development, organization, and conduction of the "Department of Animal Sciences Research Review, Second Annual Professional Paper Presentation Symposium. University of Maryland, College Park. June 8, 1987. Symposium was attended by over 65 University administrators, county and state faculty, staff, graduate students, and members of the press. A 103 page proceedings was produced.

Served on planning committee for the Farm Animal Computing Technologies (FACTs 95) conference to be held in Orlando, FL, March 1995.

F. Awards:

C American Dairy Science Association Alfa-Laval Agri Dairy Extension Award. July 1998.

C 25 Most Influential People in US Agriculture. Farmer=s Digest Magazine. Baraboo, WI. November 1998.

C University of Maryland at College Park Alumni Assoc. - College of Agric. & Nat. Res. Chapter award for Excellence in Extension. March 1996

C Gamma Sigma Delta Certificate of Merit for Excellence in Extension. University of Maryland - National Capital Area Chapter. May 1985.

C Awarded Undergraduate Scholarship Award, American Society of Animal Science, University of Minnesota. 1974.

G. International Activities:

A one year sabbatical leave (9/92 - 8/93) was spent in The Netherlands focusing on use of automated methods for detection of estrus in dairy cattle with the Department of Herd Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht and DLO Research Institute for Animal Production (ID-DLO), Lelystad. Two large data sets were collected for further analysis and this effort was supported by a grant from private industry (see IV. B. 2. a. above). A joint follow-up project is currently being conducted.

H. Other:

1988 - 2 days consulting activity for Cambridge Medical Technology; Billerica, MA.

1997 - "Intelligent Reports" for Dairy Herd Management, Built to Order on The Internet@. For Dairy Veterinarians Group, Argyle, NY as part of an USDA-SBIR grant.