COMM 460
Fall 2014

Sample Abstract

Home Page

The following abstract was prepared by Sarah Miller, a student in COMM 460.

7. Samuel Haven, Excerpt from Joy and Salvation my Christ; His arm displayed in the protestant Cause: 1763:

There was a huge blend of semi-religious, semi secular view of Progress and Mission in the Thanksgiving Sermons which celebrated the conquest of Canada in 1760 and the peace treaty of 1763 Four bloody colonial conflicts with France had occurred, and the view that God's chosen had reached a new milestone is reemphasized in lots of Thanksgiving sermons. Haven was a less known Pastor who starts with a quote from scripture (a common way to start a speech for Puritans) from Isaiah which talks about the Jews return from Babylonian captivity, Isaiah explained and emphasized both the Jews immediate SUCCESS of God's chosen but also prophesized further SUCCESS es. The quote states "thou didst afflict the PEOPLE didst drive out the heathen. they got land and possession by their own sword" He then explains that they left their "dear native COUNTRY . and endured a train of hardships" (is explaining the backgrounds, as the Puritans would have). He then talks about the sacrifices they have made while bringing the gospel of "Jesus the savior" and how God brought the "glorious sun of righteousness. the wilderness began to blossom as a rose" He explains the "tranquil scenes came to a close as "numerous tribes combined together. to make an utter end of the English in America" and explains that Jehovah was on their side "he taught their hands to war, and their fingers to fight" he explains that they had triumphed over the Indian tribes, but that Canada and the French were at "arms to drive us from this good land which God gave unto our fathers" he then talks about how they attacked them and sent the Indians after them but "god blew with his wind and discomfited them. Our God broke their ships and sent his destroying angel." He then discusses war "our troops irresolute, our men dying" he begins to talk about PEOPLE from all colonies as "us" and "we" rather than simply referring to his own colonies. It is a mix of both secular and non secular language, this is interesting because it is truly a RHETORIC al language as the PEOPLE were both interested in the language of religion and of others (a unifying method of speech rather than separate). They also are looking at their suffering as motivation to move forward because God has blessed them and are looking at their wins as God showing their favor and motivation to move forward with the cause of the revolution (also a very common strategy of the revolutionist language). Speaks of all of his victories "in both the Indies, the African coast. Cherbourg. etc." to show that they should keep moving to gain more "vast riches and strength" they are no longer just looking out for the Puritan or separatist colony thought, but for the good of a unified nation.

Notice several qualities that make this a good abstract for your study:

  • The name of the speaker, the title of the speech, and the date of the speech are clearly identified.
  • She has provided a summary of the contents of the speech to help her recall it to memory.
  • She has pointed out the characteristics of the speech that were common to the community in which it occurred.
  • She has captured the rhetorical characteristics of the speech that motivated its audience to help her capture the motivations of puritan rhetoric.
  • She has included examples of the style of the speech that would be useful in reproducing rhetoric for a puritan community.
  • She has used the capitalization device to emphasize what she considers key words for her studying.